Special Order. IRRD-S Infra-Red Relative Distance sensor $44.00
Minimum quantity = 10. Contact Techno-stuff for build time.
The IRRD sensor shows how close you are to an object.
The Infrared Relative Distance sensor (IRRD) is a sensor for the Lego
Mindstorms™ Robotic Invention System.
The IRRD senses when it is close to an object, and gives you an indication of how the distance is changing. Your program can use this information to avoid a collisions, find an object, or make decisions on how far away the object is.
The IRRD show relative distance, up to two feet. It works by measuring
reflected infra red light. Objects that are close reflect a lot of
light. The amout of light reflected also depends on the size of the
object and it's color. Thus the distance measured is relative, not
The IRRD can be used as a simple proximity detector (IRPD), with trigger distance set by software. Advanced programs can have multiple responses dependent on the distance.
The sensor uses TV remote control technology. It works by sending out infrared light, and looking for IR light reflected back. Infrared is like normal light, except you can not see it with you eye. There will be no visible indication when the sensor is operating.
NOTE: This product uses the same Infra-red technology that the RCX uses to communicate with your PC. When the IR Proximity Detector is in operation, it may interfere with communication between the RCX and PC.
The IRRD is available in two styles. The style shown below (IRRD-S) "looks" out the side of the brick. The other style (IRRD-T) looks out the top. Both styles function the same.
With just the RCX, IRRD sensor, and a simple program, you can build a musical insturment that plays musical notes depending on the position of your hand. This type of insturment is called a Therimon.
You program the detector just like the Lego light sensor. Use the Light Sensor block in the Mindstorms program environment to cause program branches. The IRRD returns eight different values depending on what it sees. In the example below, the RCX will produce four different tones depending on the distance to your hand. This example could be expanded to six tones.
The IRRD sensor can detect walls, or the floor. Here is a picture of a table top robot, that runs around on the table, without falling off.
The relationship of Mindstorms Value to distance is reasonably linear. Here is a graph of a typical IRRD sensor, showing distance to a standard 8.5 x 11 inch sheet of white paper.
The amount of infrared light reflected depends on the distance, size,
and “color” of the object. Distances shown above are for a white
wall. The distances are less for objects that are smaller, or reflect
less infrared light.
The darkest object observed was a textured brown plastic wastebasket, first detected at 10 inches.
Maximum range for different colors:
Maximum range for different size white paper object.
Values and distances may vary slightly between sensors, due to manufacturing tolerance.